François Auguste René Rodin (12 November 1840 – 17 November 1917),
known as Auguste Rodin, was a French sculptor.
Although Rodin is generally considered the progenitor of modern sculpture,
he did not set out to rebel against the past.
He was schooled traditionally, took a craftsman-like approach to his work,
and desired academic recognition, although he was never accepted into Paris's foremost school of art.
Camille Claudel was born in Fère-en-Tardenois, Aisne, in northern France, the second
child of a family of farmers and gentry. Her father, Louis Prosper, dealt in mortgages and
bank transactions. Her mother, the former Louise Athanaïse Cécile Cerveaux, came from
a Champagne family of Catholic farmers and priests.
Clement Meadmore (9 February 1929 – 19 April 2005) was an Australian-American sculptor known for massive outdoor steel sculptures.
Meadmore used COR-TEN steel, aluminum, and occasionally bronze to create colossal outdoor sculptures which combine the elements of abstract expressionism and minimalism
Constantin Brâncuși (Romanian: February 19, 1876 – March 16, 1957) was a Romanian sculptor, painter and photographer who made his career in France.
Considered a pioneer of modernism, one of the most influential sculptors of the 20th-century, Brâncuși is called the patriarch of modern sculpture.
Fritz Wotruba (April 23, 1907 in Vienna – August 28, 1975 in Vienna) was an Austrian sculptor of Czecho-Hungarian descent.
He was considered one of the most notable sculptors of the 20th century in Austria.
In his work, he increasingly dissolves figurative components in favor of geometrical abstraction with the shape of the cube as the basic form.
Maurits Cornelis Escher 17 June 1898 – 27 March 1972), usually referred to as M. C. Escher, was a Dutch graphic artist. He is known for his often mathematically inspired woodcuts, lithographs, and mezzotints.
These feature impossible constructions, explorations of infinity, architecture, and tessellations.